|Art Young was one of the editors of The Masses,
(in publication 1911-1917). As described by Ralph Shikes, The Masses
was "...a full-fledged magazine of social protest in which editorial
content and art joined in radical assault upon the social and political
structure." Often, the articles and drawings that appeared in the magazine pointed out the festering contradictions and injustices of the economic system known as Capitalism (the title of the drawing to the left, by Art Young).|
Given the "editorial content and art," and the growing pro-war sentiment then prevalent that regarded peace as radical and war as patriotic, it was no surprise when the August issue of the magazine, delivered to the Post Office for mailing on July 3, was indicted under the newly broadened Espionage Act of June 15, 1917. Rebecca Zurier notes that "for the first time since the eighteenth century, words as well as deeds could be termed treasonable, and only an outcry from newspaper editors kept Woodrow Wilson from extending the act to permit censorship of the press."
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