Graphic Witness: visual arts & social commentary Graphic Witness home page Thomas Nast (1840-1902)

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In 1867, Federal troops were occupying the South to ensure compliance with Reconstruction efforts. This illustration shows a local fire brigade, still wearing Confederate grey, and with an image of a revered Confederate general on their fire engine; the military governor has ordered them to carry a Union flag in their parade.
[Not shown] The accompanying story and headline about 'tyrannical military despotism' both indicate Southern indignation. The only non-grotesque figure is the Union officer, an amputee, firmly offering the 'despised' flag.

Stonewall Jackson firefighters
Harper's Weekly, May 25, 1867

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